Getting Around the Lion City: A Guide to Singapore’s Efficient Public Transport

Goh Jun Cheng

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As a compact yet densely populated city-state, Singapore boasts one of the world’s most cost-effective, well-connected public transportation networks. An integrated system of buses, metro trains, taxis and ferries makes getting around Singapore a breeze without the hassle of driving.

This comprehensive guide explores key aspects of public transport in Singapore – the major bus and MRT metro networks, ez-link card payment system, taxis, private hire cars, and other transport options. We’ll also highlight how Singapore designed its coordinated system to maximize convenience and accessibility for residents.

For tourists and locals alike, Singapore’s user-friendly transport ensures the city-state remains highly navigable despite its urban density.

Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) Network

The MRT subway and elevated train network forms the backbone of public transport in Singapore:

  • Begins operation in 1987 and now comprises 6 main lines criss-crossing the island. Will double to 12 lines with new Thomson-East Coast Line.
  • Links housing estates to commercial centers and connects with bus interchanges across the island.
  • Covers most populated areas with 148 stations and over 200km of tracks. Trains arrive every 3-5 minutes typically.
  • Fares distance-based and reasonably priced, starting from as low as S$1.50.
  • Fast, comfortable, reliable, and extensively used by locals daily.

The expanding MRT network delivers efficient, affordable mobility for millions of passenger trips annually.

Public Bus Services

Extensive public bus routes fill in the gaps where MRT lines don’t reach:

  • Operated by both public and private companies under government oversight.
  • Over 4,000 buses serve 400 routes island-wide. Double decker buses very common.
  • Multiple bus interchanges integrate seamlessly with MRT stations.
  • Buses reach the most remote parts of the island. But levels of frequency and comfort vary.
  • Various fare types from standard single trip tickets to monthly student passes.

Buses offer accessible transport but can be slow if subject to road congestion during rush hour.

ez-link Contactless Cards

  • ez-link cards allow cashless payments on all public transport. Just tap and go.
  • Can add stored value credit on cards to pay for trips deducted automatically per ride.
  • Cheaper per trip compared to cash tickets. Commuters incentivized to switch to ez-link.
  • Convenient option for frequent commuters. Avoid hassle of finding correct change.
  • Can use ez-link for payments at certain retail shops too.

Ez-link cards drive efficiency and integrate payment across different transport modes.

Taxi Services

An extensive taxi fleet provides on-demand flexibility:

  • Comfortable air-conditioned Hyundai, Toyota, Nissan, and newer Mercedes taxis.
  • Hail on streets or book by phone/apps in advance.
  • Meters start from S$3.20-3.90. Fairly comparable for short trips vs public transport.
  • Pay cash or ez-link. Many taxis accept credit cards too.
  • 25,000+ taxis that are reasonably available although peak hour waits can lag.
  • Mostly reliable and professional drivers.

Taxis are reasonably priced for occasional convenience to supplement bus and metro.

Ride-Hailing Apps

  • Apps like Grab and Gojek offer private hire on-demand rides similar to Uber.
  • Cars tend to be higher end like Mercedes, Audi, etc.
  • Prices are distance and demand-based so fluctuate higher during surge periods.
  • Offer fixed upfront pricing like Uber instead of metered pricing.
  • Seamless booking and payment through apps. Cashless transactions.
  • Alternative to taxis though pricing differences can vary.

Private hire cars provide greater comfort and door-to-door flexibility at a premium.

Other Transport Options

More niche public transport includes:

  • River taxis on the Singapore River for scenic cruising.
  • Bicycles and electric bikes/scooters for short trips, though limited lane infrastructure.
  • Street-side trishaws mainly for tourist sightseeing instead of daily commuting.
  • Private shuttle buses that mainly serve workforce transportation needs.
  • Cross-border coaches to Malaysia and other countries in the region.

These complement mainstream options for specialized transport needs.

Future Outlook

Singapore continues investing in cutting-edge transport innovation:

  • Significant expansion of MRT network capacity and efficiency through new signaling systems.
  • Trialing autonomous buses and robo-taxis to enhance first/last mile connectivity.
  • Exploring emerging concepts like hyperloop technology and air taxis.
  • Leveraging big data analytics to predict and adapt transport flows.
  • Integrating micromobility options like shared bicycles and e-scooters with public transit.

By melding infrastructure expansion with next-gen mobility tech, Singapore aims to uphold its reputation for transportation excellence.


From traditional buses and metro to innovative ride-hailing apps, Singapore’s diverse public transportation options make navigating the country seamless for residents and visitors alike.

The coordinated networks, reasonable costs and cashless convenience through ez-link make the public transport system user-friendly while reducing congestion and emissions. As Singapore evolves into a smart mobility leader, its tradition of transportation excellence seems assured.

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