Is Singapore really perfect?

Goh Jun Cheng

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On the surface, Singapore gleams with prestige and smooth efficiency.

Its economic success, gleaming infrastructure and public order have earned it accolades like “Switzerland of the East”.

But scratch deeper and Singapore’s imperfect realities reveal themselves much like any other country grappling with social tensions.

This article takes an honest look at the oversights, inequities and problems belying Singapore’s celebrated progress.

No nation can truly claim perfection.

While Singapore has made remarkable advancements, room for improvement remains across aspects of society, politics, migrant conditions, inequality and other issues.

Acknowledging imperfections leads to growth, not weakness.

It is only by facing flaws with courage and pragmatism that any country can achieve its highest potential.

Through constructive critique coupled with hope, we see a path for Singapore to become an ever more just society for all.

Wealth Inequality and Elitism

  • Significant income inequality has emerged, with the top 10% possessing 45% of wealth.
  • Concerns that the poor are being left behind despite overall affluence.
  • Elitism seen in privileged lifestyles of the new upper class.
  • Meritocracy rewarded the capable but overlooked disadvantaged groups.
  • Fear social mobility is declining with income stratification hardening.

Policies to uplift poorer Singaporeans and curb excessive elite privilege are still lagging. An inclusive society must ensure all can prosper.

Shortcomings of Democracy and Political Freedoms

  • Singapore is effectively a one-party dominant state with the PAP controlling supermajority of Parliament since 1959.
  • Mainstream media, unions, grassroots tightly aligned with ruling party interests.
  • Public political discourse is more controlled compared to full democracies.
  • Friction between Western liberal ideals of individual freedoms versus Singapore’s more collectivist, community-first perspective.

A measured expansion of civil liberties and pluralistic governance could benefit Singapore while retaining core values.

Treatment of Migrant Workers

  • Approximately 1.4 million low-wage migrant laborers from South and Southeast Asia employed in jobs like construction, shipyards and domestic work.
  • Face well-documented abuses around unfair pay, safety issues, lack of rest days and cramped dormitories.
  • Viewed as cheap labor rather than valued contributors to Singapore’s development.
  • Measures to protect migrant worker rights lag behind Singapore’s world-class aspirations.

Singapore should improve migrant worker protections to live up to being a just, progressive society. Unsafe and unfair conditions contradict ideals.

LGBTQ Inclusion

  • LGBTQ citizens still face societal discrimination, obstacles to equal opportunities, lack of media representation.
  • LGBTQ relationships/marriages not accorded equal recognition and rights.
  • Population anxiety that LGBTQ acceptance could undermine Asian family values.
  • Anti-gay colonial era laws like Penal Code Section 377A not updated despite global progress.

Maintaining harmony requires embracing LGBTQ minorities fully as equals, not excluding communities simply seen as challenging traditional mores.

Racial Biases and Behaviors

  • Racial stereotypes and prejudiced attitudes still circulate among some older generation Chinese, Malays and Indians.
  • Discrimination cases show Singapore is not immune to racist impulses.
  • Minorities report barriers to equal treatment in public/private spheres.
  • Need for more open discussion and education around racism.
  • Fear that increased immigration can stoke nativist resentments.

Racial harmony has been hard-won in Singapore but constant nurturing through mutual goodwill is indispensable.

Aging Population Concerns

  • Declining birth rates coupled with increased longevity produced a rapidly aging populace.
  • Shrinking local workforce and increased social spending pressures.
  • Risk of elderly generational poverty and inadequate cushions.
  • Losing cultural knowledge as population grays.
  • Potential intergenerational friction as young burdened with supporting elderly.

Singapore must proactively address aging issues through eldercare infrastructure, retirement adequacy safeguards and immigration recalibration.

Environmental Sustainability Gap

  • Singapore has advanced economically at environmental expense – pollution, land reclamation, resource consumption.
  • Green spaces shrinking, wildlife threatened by urbanization.
  • Car culture and energy usage still unsustainable.
  • New large-scale solar and other green investments aim to rectify past oversights.
  • Water supply vulnerability remains despite innovations like NEWater recycled wastewater.

Further elevating sustainability is vital to Singapore’s future by aligning economic priorities with ecological imperatives.

Stifling Over-Emphasis on Academics

  • Rigid focus on academics, testing and “book smarts” pediatric development.
  • Lack of balance with play, arts, sports, social skills.
  • Children experience academic stress from young age.
  • Tuition industry mushrooms to supplement schooling.
  • Risk of hindering creativity and individual purpose.

Rethinking holistic education beyond typical measures of success can nurture the true inner potential of every Singaporean child.


Delving into Singapore’s imperfections might seem unpatriotic, but honestassessment leads to positive change, not petty griping. The issues explored are opportunities for national maturity, not causes for despair.

From pioneer leaders to youthful change-makers, Singaporeans have never shied from tackling difficult problems head on. By confronting current shortcomings with eyes locked on the future,

Singapore can continue its neverending drive to realize an inclusive, vibrant and progressive society that lives up to its ideals each passing day.

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